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American Elm

Scientific Name: Ulmus americana

Also referred to as White Elm, this is another species of eastern North America that has been devastated due to a disease. Dutch Elm Disease will usually kill a tree by the time it is a foot in diameter. Thus, you rarely see the large diameter elms of yesteryear.

This species is most commonly found in lowlands, along creeks or in valleys. You can look also look for it on upland flats. 

There are several features you can look for to help with a proper identification. The first is the base of the tree. It often has "feet" that extend out of the tree on one or more sides, sometimes nearly a foot up the base of the tree. Secondly, in the forest, the crown of the tree often bends off to one side. This would not be present in a tree planted in the open. Finally, the bark has deep furrows that are separated by flat ridges. These ridges often have a corky texture if you push on them. 

If you are on this page, then there is a high probability that you are a morel hunter looking to refine their identification skills. This is one of the main trees that these mushrooms are associated with. Other trees to look for include Red ElmAsh, Sycamore, and Tulip Poplar.


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